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Index

Lessons from the Great Hanshin Earthquake

Copyright(C) Hyogo Research Center for Quake Restoraion.
Edited by SHIOZAKI Yoshimitsu, NISHIKAWA Eiichi, DEGUCHI Toshikazu
Translated by WATANABE Reiko
First published in 17 January 2005 by Creates-Kamogawa Publishers
Price:\2,310-
29 x 21 cm , 151 pages
ISBN-13: 978-4902244335

The "Lessons from the Great Hanshin Earthquake" is a translation of selections from "Daishinnsai Hyaku no Kyokun (100 Lessons from the Great Hanshin Earthquake)", written by over 50 scholars, citizens and activists who have been involved in the process of post-disaster reconstruction after the great earthquake.

Many thanks to all the people who supported this project in various ways -- especially to Mr. HIRATA Yasushi, to Ms. ICHIHARA Hidemi, to Mr. MACDONALD Darryl. The preface was translated by Ms. HORITA Yumiko, Ms. Foong Sau Ling and Mr. Timothy Hammer. Also many thanks to Mr. ISHIZAWA Haruhiko from Creates-Kamogawa, the publisher.

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PREFACE

I. DEVASTATING DISASTER DAMAGE -- OUTLINES AND FEATURES

  • 1. A High-Tech Contemporary City: A City with Great Damages in an Earthquake

II. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE GROUND AND DAMAGE

  • 2. Residential Districts on the Rokko Mountain Slopes in Danger of Slope Failure
  • 3. Shallow Water Table and Soft Alluvial Clay -- Importance of Research and Announcement
  • 4. Artificial Valley Fills -- Damage of the Artificial Landform

III. DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT

  • 5. Problem in the Emergency Evacuation System
  • 6. Lifeline Damage Reduction
  • 7. Control over Fires in the Inner City

IV. REHABILITATION OF PEOPLE

  • 8. Kodokushi -- Solitary Death
  • 9. Adequacy of Evacuation to Outside Hyogo Prefecture
  • 10. Infrastructure-Oriented Reconstruction
  • 11. Good and Bad Sides of Public Subsidy for Demolition
  • 12. Suits Claiming for Payment of Fire Insurance and Fire Mutual Aid
  • 13. Sharing Daily Life Information
  • 14. Support for Medical Patients and Public Aid for Private Medical Facilities
  • 15. Activities to Preserve the Historical Heritage in the Quake-Hit Area

V. TRANSPORTATION

  • 16. Reconstruction of the Hanshin Expressway -- Destruction of Evidence
  • 17. Anti-Earthquake Measures for the Shinkansen (Bullet Train)

VI. IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT

  • 18. Impact on the Environment and Waste after the Earthquake
  • 19. Geo-Pollution by Tetrachloroethylene

VII. EVACUATION, TEMPORARY HOUSING AND RECONSTRUCTION OF HOUSING

  • 20. Evacuation Center -- Better Small-Sized than Large-Sized
  • 21. Local Communities Destroyed by Temporary Housing Policy
  • 22. How Comfortable was the Temporary Housing?
  • 23. Tragedy Caused by the Bureaucratic Administration
  • 24. Little Choice in Housing Reconstruction Measures
  • 25. Significance of Community

VIII. URBAN PLANNING AND MACHIZUKURI

  • 26. Urban Planning Projects Forcibly Decided
  • 27. Congested Residential Urban District Improvement Project
  • 28. Large-Scale Redevelopment Reconstruction Projects
  • 29. Machizukuri (Community Development) with Genuine Residents' Participation
  • 30. Community-Based Disaster Prevention Planning
  • 31. Community-Led Disaster Risk Management Planning and Practice

IX. HOUSING WITH SAFETY

  • 32. Collapsed Wooden Structure Housing
  • 33. Buildings Should Not Collapse or Burn
  • 34. Condominiums -- Repair Rather than Demolition and Rebuilding
  • 35. High-Rises and Super High-Rises, Inadequate for Dwelling
  • 36. Earthquake-Resistance

X. PUBLIC AID AND FINANCES OF RECONSTRUCTION

  • 37. Actual Damage Much Bigger than the Announced Amount
  • 38. Public Aid for Individuals
  • 39. Heavy Burden of Loans Caused by the Great Hanshin Earthquake
  • 40. Finances of Restoration and Reconstruction
  • 41. The Delay in Distributing 180 Billion yen in Donations

XI. SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED BUSINESSES AND MAJOR ENTERPRISES

  • 42. Rebuilding of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
  • 43. Special Procurements Enjoyed Only by Major Enterprises

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